Worn on the Back
In Pingba, Anshun regions,
there is a myterious trible called "Tunpu People", who
is named "Old Han Chinese".
The Tunpu people are
likely to built their stone homes on flat and fertile areas, making
the concentration in the town of Tianlong in Pingba, and Jiouxi
and Qiyanqiao in Anshun. Some villages are also located on precipitous
valley which is good to prevent the village from invading by the
other local tribles. Yunshantun village is one of the examples,
stone houses with small shooting holes were built in the village
so as to defend the enemies.
When walking by or
walking into the Tunpu villages in these regions, you will be recognized
by local women's special costumes and hairdo. According to the legend,
the Tunpu people came to this region some 600 years ago in the early
of the Ming dynasty.
More than 600 years
ago, the King of Liang of the Yuan dynasty stayed in Yunnan in confront
with the Ming dynasty, thus the emperor Zhu Yuanzhang sent 300 thousand
soldiers to Yunnan annihilating the surviving forces of the Yuan.
Pingba and Anshun were
the places the Ming troops must pass by and they were important
stratigic points, it was the entrance to Yunan. Thus after the war,
these Ming soldiers were forced to stay in these regions. They started
to build their homes and terrace their fields, they played as both
the roles of farmer and soldiers so as to safeguard their homelands
for the Ming dynasty. While there was no fight, the Tunpu danced
" Ground opera" for entertainment. The opera was performed
on the ground, not on stages, hence " Ground opera". The
repertoires are from Chinese ancient war stories, to be surprisely
it has a much longer history than Peking opera, thus so called "
600 years later, the
Tunpu people still keeps their Jiangnan(nowadays nearby Nanjing
regions) style dialects, traditional archtechtures as well as costumes
of the dynasty. You may find every history story from women's costumes.
Some Tunpu peoble are good businessmen. They still feel proud of
being the decendents of the powerful Ming dynasty. So we may say
this is a trible whose history was worn on women' backs.
When the history wheel
moved to the 21 century, many Tunpu villages were chosen to open
to tourists from both at home and abroad, thus their age old cultures
appeard to the world. When walking to the Tunpu villages, you will
find youself go back the Ming dynasty of 600 years ago.
Friends, if you want
to dream back to the Ming dynasty, come to Guizhou, come to Pingba
and Anshun, here is the ideal place.